2023 Ohio CDL License
and CDL Test INFO
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If you need help . . . determining what Class of CDL you need based upon the type
of vehicle you will drive (A, B or C) or are not sure which CDL
Endorsements you need based upon the type of loads you will carry use the
free CDL Selector Tool . . .
Not sure which CDL Tests you need to pass? Use this tool to determine what Class of CDL and which CDL Endorsements you require.
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THE OHIO CDL COURSE PACKAGE COVERS EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW TO PASS THE OHIO CDL WRITTEN AND SKILLS TESTS FOR ALL CLASSES OF OHIO CDL AND ALL AVAILABLE OHIO CDL ENDORSEMENTS.
Specific Ohio CDL Information
ODPS Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles Commercial Driver License (CDL)Ohio CDL Fees
To obtain an Ohio CDL you will need to pay the appropriate fees.
$10.00 for the pre-trip inspection portion of the test;
$10.00 for the off-road maneuvering portion of the test;
$30.00 for the on-road portion of the test.
The Ohio CDL applicant who schedules an appointment with the Ohio State Highway
Patrol (OSP), may have to pay an appointment fee of $50.00 at the time he schedules
the appointment. These fees are in addition to any fees
Who Needs an Ohio CDL?
The classes of Ohio CDL and the commercial motor vehicles that they authorize
the operation of are as follows:
Any combination of vehicles with a combined gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, provided the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds;
Any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, or any such vehicle towing a vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating that is not in excess of 10,000 pounds;
Any single vehicle or combination of vehicles that is not a class A or class B vehicle, but that either is designed to transport 16 or more passengers including the driver;
Any school bus with a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 26,001 pounds that is designed to transport fewer than 16 passengers including the driver;
Is transporting hazardous materials for which placarding is required under subpart F of 49 C.F.R. part 172;
Any single vehicle or combination of vehicles that is designed to be operated and to travel on a public street or highway and is considered by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration to be a commercial motor vehicle, including, but not limited to, a motorized crane, a vehicle whose function is to pump cement, a rig for drilling wells, and a portable crane.
Classes of Ohio CDL Licenses
Ohio Revised Code, Section 4506.12 (B) The classes of Ohio CDL and the commercial
motor vehicles that they authorize the operation of are as follows:
Class A - any combination of vehicles with a combined gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, if the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle or vehicles being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds
Class B - any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more or any such vehicle towing a vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating that is not in excess of 10,000 pounds.
Class C - any single vehicle, or combination of vehicles, that is not a Class A or Class B vehicle, but that is designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, or is transporting hazardous materials in an amount requiring placarding, or any school bus with a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 26,001 pounds that is designed to transport fewer than 16 passengers including the driver.
The higher class Ohio CDL allows you to drive vehicles in any of the lower classes
provided you have the correct endorsements.
Occasional drivers are also required to apply for an Ohio CDL and all appropriate
endorsements. For example: Mechanics or truck sales people who test drive on a
In addition to an Ohio CDL, drivers may need special endorsements if they:
Drive vehicles carrying passengers, (buses);
Pull double or triple trailers (see Ohio CDL exemptions below);
Drive tank vehicles (see Ohio CDL exemptions below); or
Haul placarded hazardous materials (see Ohio CDL exemptions below)
Ohio CDL Endorsements and Restrictions
The following endorsements and restrictions apply to commercial drivers' licenses:
H - Authorizes the driver to drive a vehicle transporting hazardous materials in an amount requiring placarding;
K - Restricts the driver to only intrastate operation
L - Restricts the driver to vehicles not equipped with air brakes;
T - Authorizes the driver to drive a vehicle configured with double or triple trailers that create more than one articulation point for the combination;
P - Authorizes the driver to drive vehicles designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver;
P1 - Authorizes the driver to drive class A vehicles designed for fewer than sixteen passengers, including the driver, and all lesser classes of vehicles without restriction as to the designed passenger capacity of the vehicle;
P2 - Authorizes the driver to drive class A or B vehicles designed for fewer than sixteen passengers, including the driver, and all lesser classes of vehicles without restriction as to the designed passenger capacity of the vehicle;
P4 - Restricts the driver to driving class C school buses designed to transport fewer than sixteen passengers including the driver;
N - Authorizes the driver to drive tank vehicles;
S - Authorizes the driver to drive school buses transporting children;
X - Authorizes the driver to drive tank vehicles transporting hazardous materials in a quantity requiring placarding;
W- Restricts the driver to the operation of commercial motor vehicles in accordance with a waiver for farm-related service industries issued under section 4506.24 of the Revised Code
Procedures for Obtaining an Ohio CDL or Ohio CDL Instruction Permit
To get an Ohio CDL or Ohio CDL instruction permit (CDIP) you are required to be
at least 18 years of age and have a valid Ohio State driver's license.
NOTE: Employers may impose additional standards and/or higher age requirements.
Bring the following to the licensing office:
Your social security card issued by the Social Security Administration. Your social security number is required for identification purposes. This is a mandatory requirement.
A CDIP may be issued to an individual who holds a valid automobile or classified driver's license. The holder of a CDIP may drive a commercial motor vehicle on a highway only when accompanied by the holder of a commercial driver's license, valid for the type of vehicle driven, who occupies a seat beside the individual, for the purpose of giving instruction in driving the commercial motor vehicle.
The CDIP is valid for six months. A CDIP expires after six months and cannot be renewed. A new permit must be purchased and the vision and knowledge tests must be re-taken.
The CDIP fee is $27.00
Ohio CDL Renewal/Upgrade
When applying for a renewal or upgrade of an Ohio CDL, all applicants shall:
Provide any updated information;
Pass a written hazardous materials test if wishing to retain or upgrade a hazardous materials endorsement;
Complete any additional testing requirements for an upgrade.
Individuals renewing a current Ohio driver license, Ohio commercial driver license (CDL), or Ohio identification (ID) card are no longer be required to present a Social Security card at an Ohio BMV license agency for verification at the time of renewal.
Ohio CDL Testing
Both the knowledge (written) and skill (driving) tests are required to receive
an Ohio CDL. A knowledge test is required for:
The class of vehicle;
Each endorsement; and
Removing the air brake restriction.
The skill test consists of a pre-trip inspection and a road test, and takes up to 90 minutes. You will need to provide a vehicle appropriate to the class of license you apply for, including a bus (designed to carry 16 or more persons including the driver) if applying for a passenger endorsement.
After an Ohio CDL is issued, adding a passenger endorsement, upgrading a license
or removing a restriction requires both knowledge and skill tests and applicable
All drivers who surrender the Ohio CDL license or any endorsement will be required
to pay all applicable fees and retake both the knowledge and skill tests to obtain
an Ohio CDL.
Ohio CDL Written Knowledge Tests
You will need to pass the Ohio Knowledge Tests that are required for
the class of license, restriction, and endorsements you wish to possess. A general
knowledge test for the Class A or Class B and C license must be successfully completed
by all CDL applicants. The information needed to pass these tests is contained
in the FREE Ohio CDL Handbook. Please read and study this
Class A - 70 Questions (50 GK + 20 Combination Vehicles) - Skills test required.
Class B - 50 Questions - Skills test required.
Class C - 50 Questions - Skills test required for bus, school bus and air
Passenger Endorsement - 20 questions - Skills test required in bus.
School Bus Endorsement - 25 questions - Skills test required in school bus.
Doubles/Triples Endorsement - 20 questions - No additional skills tests.
Tank Vehicle Endorsement - 20 questions - No additional skills tests.
What is a CDL?
is a Commercial Drivers License. It meets certain minimum "standards" that
are the same for every state. It differs from the Ohio "operator's" or "chauffeur's" licenses. It is required if you drive certain
kinds of commercial trucks or buses.
What is the COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY ACT OF 1986 (CMVSA/86) administered by the FMCSA?
It is a law passed by the United States Congress which requires ALL the individual states to comply with certain standards in regards to the licensing of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers. Ohio driver licensing standards comply with the law, requiring CMV drivers to obtain a Ohio Commercial Driver's License (CDL) when driving applicable trucks and buses. A CDL license can ONLY be issued in the driver's STATE OF LEGAL RESIDENCE, and if you have a CDL, you can have NO OTHER DRIVER'S LICENSE in ANY other state.
When do I need a Ohio CDL instead of my regular Ohio Drivers License?
A Ohio CDL is required if you operate any of the following CMV's . . .
1. A vehicle with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 26,000 lbs.
2. A vehicle towing a unit with a manufacturer's GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. when the GCWR exceeds 26,000 lbs.
3. A vehicle used to . . .(a.) carry 15 or more passengers (excluding the driver), or (b.) carry (15) or less people (including the driver) when carrying children to or from school and home regularly for compensation.
4. A vehicle carrying hazardous materials in amounts requiring placarding.
What are the eligibility requirements to obtain a Ohio CDL?
1. You must be 21 years old. (18 years if all commercial driving is done within Ohio and if no hazardous materials requiring placarding are transported and if you do not drive double or triple trailer rigs).
2. You must be physically capable (in accordance with the MCSR 49 CFR 391.41 Physical Qualifications for Drivers regulations) of obtaining a valid DOT medical examiner's card (before being issued a CDL permit or taking any CDL skills test).
3. You must otherwise qualify for the license based on your driving record. Any of the following will disqualify you from obtaining a Ohio CDL . . .
* If you possess a license from any state other than Ohio.
* If you are currently subject to any disqualification of your commercial driving privilege from Ohio or any other state.
* If your license is currently suspended, revoked, denied, or cancelled.
* If you have a conviction for operating a commercial motor vehicle while impaired in the 24 months immediately preceding application.
* other technical rules, and further restrictions that pertain only to Ohio are covered in detail within the Course.
How do I obtain a Ohio CDL?
1. Show your Ohio driver license.
2. You must take and pass all Ohio examinations that apply to your license class and endorsement requirements.
3. Show proof of social security number.
4. Meet Ohio driver record eligibility requirements as determined by the State.
5. Fill out an application including certifications.
6. Provide a DOT medical certificate and pass the required CDL knowledge and vision tests (BEFORE a CDL Temporary Instruction Permit will be issued).
7. Pay the Ohio CDL fees.
8. Schedule, take, and pass your Ohio CDL skills test.
A separate booklet is included in the Ohio CDL Course package which covers information such as fees, locations, contacts, procedures and other items specific to Ohio for the written and skills examinations for ALL classes of CDL and ALL available endorsements.
What is a CDL "Skills Test" and how do I take it?
A "skills" test is the practical portion of the exam and includes . . .
1. A vehicle inspection test to measure your ability to perform a vehicle safety check.
2. A basic control skills test.
3. A driving test.
The skills test is normally given at an approved third party testing site in your area. This can vary and the latest procedures are indicated in the Ohio CDL Course.
So let's say I get a Ohio CDL. Can I use it Out-of-State?
Yes! It is good throughout the entire United States.
Can my Ohio CDL be suspended or revoked?
Yes, there are MANY reasons that your Ohio CDL can be suspended or revoked. Improper use of alcohol or drugs, traffic violations, and failure to notify top the list. The Course details ALL of the rules regarding suspension or revocation. The point to remember is that alcohol or drug use is not tolerated and your record WILL FOLLOW YOU THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES FOREVER!!!
So let's say that my Ohio CDL is revoked. Can't I just apply for a CDL in another State?
No!!! Those days are gone.
Are there any exemptions to being required to have Ohio CDL?
Yes, a few . . .
1. Active Duty Military . . . with military licenses operating military vehicles.
2. Firefighters . . . meeting approved training standards and operating authorized emergency vehicles.
3. Farmers . . . in certain cases.
4. Individuals ....operating motor homes or other vehicles used exclusively to transport personal possessions or family members, for non business purposes.
What do the terms Class A, Class B, and Class C mean on my Ohio CDL?
It refers to the type of vehicle that you may operate . . .
CLASS A . . . allows you to operate vehicles which tow trailers or other vehicles with a GVWR over 10,000 pounds. A Class "A" license also allows you to operate Class B and C vehicles.
CLASS B . . . allows you to operate single vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs or more OR a gross combination weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, towing trailers/vehicles rated at 10,000 pounds GVWR or less. A Class "B" license also allows you to operate Class C vehicles.
CLASS C . . .allows you to operate vehicles under 26,001 lbs. GVWR, that would normally not require a CDL; except when they are designed to transport 16 or more persons including the driver; or that carry 15 or less people (including the driver) transporting children to or from school and home regularly for compensation, or carry hazardous materials in amounts requiring placarding. Applicable endorsements are required.
What are Endorsement Codes and when do I need them on my Ohio CDL?
Endorsements are necessary for certain commercial driving requirements as follows . . .
(T) DOUBLE or TRIPLE TRAILERS.
(P) PASSENGER. For vehicles which are designed to carry 16 or more people (including the driver); or those which carry 15 or less people (including the driver) transporting children to or from school and home regularly for compensation.
(N) TANK VEHICLES. For vehicles designed to haul liquids or liquefied gases in bulk in permanently mounted tanks or portable tanks rated at 1,000 gallons or more.
(H) HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. To carry hazardous materials in amounts requiring placards.
(X) Endorsement code designating a Tank (N) vehicle that carries Hazardous Materials (H).
I'm over 18 years old, but not 21 years old yet. Can I get a Ohio CDL license?
Yes . . . with restrictions. You are limited to INTRAstate driving of commercial vehicles (you cannot drive a commercial truck or bus out of Ohio). You cannot drive a vehicle requiring HAZ MAT placarding, cannot drive double or triple trailer rigs and cannot drive a School Bus with children on board until you turn 21 years of age.
We could go on and on with FAQs but I hope this covers most of your GENERAL questions. Please be assured that the Course answers EVERYTHING that you need to know to obtain ANY or ALL of the available CDL licenses and endorsements in an easy to understand manner. The material is presented in three different ways to reinforce your retention. GOOD LUCK !!