West Virginia CDL FAQs
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WV CDL License Test - FAQs
2023 West Virginia CDL License
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If you need help . . . determining what Class of CDL you need based upon the type
of vehicle you will drive (A, B or C) or are not sure which CDL
Endorsements you need based upon the type of loads you will carry use the
free CDL Selector Tool . . .
Not sure which CDL Tests you need to pass? Use this tool to determine what Class of CDL and which CDL Endorsements you require.
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THE WEST VIRGINIA CDL COURSE PACKAGE COVERS EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW TO PASS THE WEST VIRGINIA CDL WRITTEN AND SKILLS TESTS FOR ALL CLASSES OF WEST VIRGINIA CDL AND ALL AVAILABLE WEST VIRGINIA CDL ENDORSEMENTS.
Specific West Virginia CDL Information
West Virginia Commercial Driver's Instruction Permit
A West Virginia commercial driver's instruction permit (CDL instruction permit)
may be issued to an applicant who holds a valid West Virginia operator's or class
D license who has passed the vision and/or physical standards, and knowledge tests
required for issuance of a West Virginia CDL.
The West Virginia CDL instruction permit may not be issued for a period to exceed
180 days. Only 1 renewal on re-issuance may be granted within a 2 year period
from issue date. In the event the applicant has been issued 2 West Virginia CDL
instruction permits, before the applicant may obtain an additional West Virginia
CDL instruction permit he/she must reapply and re-test on all parts of the knowledge
The holder of a West Virginia CDL instruction permit may drive a commercial motor
vehicle on the highway only when accompanied by the holder of a commercial driver's
license valid for the type of vehicle who occupies a seat beside the individual
for the purpose of giving instruction or testing. The permit must be valid for
the type of vehicle being driven also.
A West Virginia CDL instruction permit may only be issued to an applicant who
is at least 18 years of age and has held an operator or junior operator license
for at least 2 years.
Upon completion of all tests, the person will receive a West Virginia CDL instruction
permit. When operating a commercial vehicle you must have your West Virginia CDL
instruction permit and regular operator's license.
Applicants must hold a West Virginia CDL instruction permit for a minimum of 14
days before they are eligible to take the road skills test. Applicants whom are
ready to take the road skills test must contact a Third-Party Examiner to schedule
West Virginia CDL Age & Fitness Requirements
You must be at least 18 years of age and have at least 2 years driving experience
to qualify for a West Virginia CDL or West Virginia CDL instruction permit. Federal
Motor Carrier Rules requires that drivers subject to those rules meet specific
physical qualification standards and carry evidence of such qualification in the
form of a medical certificate.
All drivers who operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in NON-EXCEPTED INTERSTATE (NI) commerce are subject to having a DOT
physical completed by a certified medical examiner listed on the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's National Registry
web site, located at: https://nationalregistry.fmcsa.dot.gov.
School bus drivers or applicants who work for a city, state, or federal government agency, in which a CDL is required for their
employment, are considered operating in EXCEPTED INTRASTATE or EXCEPTED INTERSTATE and are exempt from meeting the FMCSA requirements.
School bus drivers will be required to present their current School Bus Certification card. Applicants who work for a city, county,
state, or federal government agency must provide written verification, on agency letterhead, verifying employment with their city,
state, or federal government agency.
If you cannot be medically certified, you may be eligible for a medical waiver.
If you wish to be able to operate a commercial motor vehicle interstate (all 50 states) you must apply and be granted a waiver
from the Federal Highway Administration. Contact (304) 347-5935 for further information.
If you wish to operate a commercial motor vehicle in WV only, please call (304) 926-3801 for information on obtaining a medical waiver.
How To Apply for a West Virginia CDL (commercial driver's license)
Visit your West Virginia DMV office to see all required documentation for
all first time, duplicate, and renewal license applicants.
Complete in full, front and back, of the Application for West Virginia Commercial
Driver's License and/or Endorsements (CDL-1).
Submit a copy of your current DOT Medical/physical certification (Long Form
Physical) and DOT Medical card (valid for 30 days or more), or for city, county,
state, or federal government agency employees a verification of employment
on agency letterhead.
Pay Applicable Fees: CDL testing fee is $25.00 + driver's licensing fees.
The West Virginia CDL testing fee allows testing for general knowledge, air
brakes and combination. West Virginia Commercial Driver's Licenses fees are
non-refundable. Endorsement fees are $10.00 each at the time of application.
Submit the application, a copy of your current DOT Medical/physical certification
(Long Form Physical), DOT Medical card or for city, state, or federal government
agency employees a verification of employment on agency letterhead, and required
fees to DMV, PO Box 17010, Charleston WV 25317 or deliver in person at the
West Virginia DMV Driver Services window, adjacent to the Kanawha City Regional
Office, at 5707 MacCorkle Ave, SE in Kanawha City (Charleston) WV.
Upon receipt of the application and fees, a test card will be mailed to
the applicant which will include the regional CDL testing sites.
Once all tests are successfully completed a West Virginia CDL instruction
permit will be issued. The permit will be for a period of 180 days and can
only be renewed one time. When the applicant is ready to take the road skills
test, they should contact one of the third party examiners (names and telephone
numbers in front of the CDL manual) to schedule an appointment. Most skills
tests are given on weekends and evenings. The cost of the skills test is $90.00
which should be paid to the Third Party Examiner at the time of the test.
The applicant must provide the vehicle in which the test will be given. The
vehicle must be representative of the class of license for which the applicant
Upon completion of the skills test, the applicant should submit the passed
form to one of the West Virginia DMV offices or the Driver Exam Center for
processing. The applicant will receive a West Virginia CDL license at this
West Virginia CDL Skills Test
Applicants must hold a West Virginia CDL instruction permit for a minimum of 14
days before they are eligible to take the West Virginia CDL Road Skills Test.
The skills tests are administered by certified third party examiners trained.
The road skills test will not be given until you have passed all other parts of
the examination and have in your possession a commercial driver's license instruction
permit for the type of vehicle for which you are testing. Each section of the
skills test (pre-trip, basic control and road test) must be passed.
The examiner cannot give the skills test unless your vehicle is in safe condition and legally equipped. Your vehicle must first be checked to make sure it complies with registration, vehicle inspection and equipment laws.
West Virginia CDL Written Knowledge Tests
You will need to pass the West Virginia Knowledge Tests that are required for
the class of license, restriction, and endorsements you wish to possess. A general
knowledge test for the Class A or Class B and C license must be successfully completed
by all CDL applicants. The information needed to pass these tests is contained
in the FREE West Virginia CDL Handbook. Please read and study this
Class A - 70 Questions (50 GK + 20 Combination Vehicles) - Skills test required.
Class B - 50 Questions - Skills test required.
Class C - 50 Questions - Skills test required for bus, school bus and air
Passenger Endorsement - 20 questions - Skills test required in bus.
School Bus Endorsement - 25 questions - Skills test required in school bus.
Doubles/Triples Endorsement - 20 questions - No additional skills tests.
Tank Vehicle Endorsement - 20 questions - No additional skills tests.
What is a CDL?
is a Commercial Drivers License. It meets certain minimum "standards" that
are the same for every state. It differs from the West Virginia "operator's" or "chauffeur's" licenses. It is required if you drive certain
kinds of commercial trucks or buses.
What is the COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY ACT OF 1986 (CMVSA/86) administered by the FMCSA?
It is a law passed by the United States Congress which requires ALL the individual states to comply with certain standards in regards to the licensing of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers. West Virginia driver licensing standards comply with the law, requiring CMV drivers to obtain a West Virginia Commercial Driver's License (CDL) when driving applicable trucks and buses. A CDL license can ONLY be issued in the driver's STATE OF LEGAL RESIDENCE, and if you have a CDL, you can have NO OTHER DRIVER'S LICENSE in ANY other state.
When do I need a West Virginia CDL instead of my regular West Virginia Drivers License?
A West Virginia CDL is required if you operate any of the following CMV's . . .
1. A vehicle with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 26,000 lbs.
2. A vehicle towing a unit with a manufacturer's GVWR of more than 10,000 lbs. when the GCWR exceeds 26,000 lbs.
3. A vehicle used to . . .(a.) carry 15 or more passengers (excluding the driver), or (b.) carry (15) or less people (including the driver) when carrying children to or from school and home regularly for compensation.
4. A vehicle carrying hazardous materials in amounts requiring placarding.
What are the eligibility requirements to obtain a West Virginia CDL?
1. You must be 21 years old. (18 years if all commercial driving is done within West Virginia and if no hazardous materials requiring placarding are transported and if you do not drive double or triple trailer rigs).
2. You must be physically capable (in accordance with the MCSR 49 CFR 391.41 Physical Qualifications for Drivers regulations) of obtaining a valid DOT medical examiner's card (before being issued a CDL permit or taking any CDL skills test).
3. You must otherwise qualify for the license based on your driving record. Any of the following will disqualify you from obtaining a West Virginia CDL . . .
* If you possess a license from any state other than West Virginia.
* If you are currently subject to any disqualification of your commercial driving privilege from West Virginia or any other state.
* If your license is currently suspended, revoked, denied, or cancelled.
* If you have a conviction for operating a commercial motor vehicle while impaired in the 24 months immediately preceding application.
* other technical rules, and further restrictions that pertain only to West Virginia are covered in detail within the Course.
How do I obtain a West Virginia CDL?
1. Show your West Virginia driver license.
2. You must take and pass all West Virginia examinations that apply to your license class and endorsement requirements.
3. Show proof of social security number.
4. Meet West Virginia driver record eligibility requirements as determined by the State.
5. Fill out an application including certifications.
6. Provide a DOT medical certificate and pass the required CDL knowledge and vision tests (BEFORE a CDL Temporary Instruction Permit will be issued).
7. Pay the West Virginia CDL fees.
8. Schedule, take, and pass your West Virginia CDL skills test.
A separate booklet is included in the West Virginia CDL Course package which covers information such as fees, locations, contacts, procedures and other items specific to West Virginia for the written and skills examinations for ALL classes of CDL and ALL available endorsements.
What is a CDL "Skills Test" and how do I take it?
A "skills" test is the practical portion of the exam and includes . . .
1. A vehicle inspection test to measure your ability to perform a vehicle safety check.
2. A basic control skills test.
3. A driving test.
The skills test is normally given at an approved third party testing site in your area. This can vary and the latest procedures are indicated in the West Virginia CDL Course.
So let's say I get a West Virginia CDL. Can I use it Out-of-State?
Yes! It is good throughout the entire United States.
Can my West Virginia CDL be suspended or revoked?
Yes, there are MANY reasons that your West Virginia CDL can be suspended or revoked. Improper use of alcohol or drugs, traffic violations, and failure to notify top the list. The Course details ALL of the rules regarding suspension or revocation. The point to remember is that alcohol or drug use is not tolerated and your record WILL FOLLOW YOU THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES FOREVER!!!
So let's say that my West Virginia CDL is revoked. Can't I just apply for a CDL in another State?
No!!! Those days are gone.
Are there any exemptions to being required to have West Virginia CDL?
Yes, a few . . .
1. Active Duty Military . . . with military licenses operating military vehicles.
2. Firefighters . . . meeting approved training standards and operating authorized emergency vehicles.
3. Farmers . . . in certain cases.
4. Individuals ....operating motor homes or other vehicles used exclusively to transport personal possessions or family members, for non business purposes.
What do the terms Class A, Class B, and Class C mean on my West Virginia CDL?
It refers to the type of vehicle that you may operate . . .
CLASS A . . . allows you to operate vehicles which tow trailers or other vehicles with a GVWR over 10,000 pounds. A Class "A" license also allows you to operate Class B and C vehicles.
CLASS B . . . allows you to operate single vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs or more OR a gross combination weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, towing trailers/vehicles rated at 10,000 pounds GVWR or less. A Class "B" license also allows you to operate Class C vehicles.
CLASS C . . .allows you to operate vehicles under 26,001 lbs. GVWR, that would normally not require a CDL; except when they are designed to transport 16 or more persons including the driver; or that carry 15 or less people (including the driver) transporting children to or from school and home regularly for compensation, or carry hazardous materials in amounts requiring placarding. Applicable endorsements are required.
What are Endorsement Codes and when do I need them on my West Virginia CDL?
Endorsements are necessary for certain commercial driving requirements as follows . . .
(T) DOUBLE or TRIPLE TRAILERS.
(P) PASSENGER. For vehicles which are designed to carry 16 or more people (including the driver); or those which carry 15 or less people (including the driver) transporting children to or from school and home regularly for compensation.
(N) TANK VEHICLES. For vehicles designed to haul liquids or liquefied gases in bulk in permanently mounted tanks or portable tanks rated at 1,000 gallons or more.
(H) HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. To carry hazardous materials in amounts requiring placards.
(X) Endorsement code designating a Tank (N) vehicle that carries Hazardous Materials (H).
I'm over 18 years old, but not 21 years old yet. Can I get a West Virginia CDL license?
Yes . . . with restrictions. You are limited to INTRAstate driving of commercial vehicles (you cannot drive a commercial truck or bus out of West Virginia). You cannot drive a vehicle requiring HAZ MAT placarding, cannot drive double or triple trailer rigs and cannot drive a School Bus with children on board until you turn 21 years of age.
We could go on and on with FAQs but I hope this covers most of your GENERAL questions. Please be assured that the Course answers EVERYTHING that you need to know to obtain ANY or ALL of the available CDL licenses and endorsements in an easy to understand manner. The material is presented in three different ways to reinforce your retention. GOOD LUCK !!